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Marital status should be added to the list of cardiovascular risk factors - study

28/06/2018

Marital status should be added to the list of cardiovascular risk factors - study

Doctors should take a person’s marital status into account when assessing their risk of heart attack and stroke, a major study has found.


For the study, researchers at Keele University analysed numerous trials involving more than two million people. They found that individuals who were never married, divorced or widowed were 42% more likely to develop cardiovascular disease.


They were also 42% more likely to die from heart disease and 55% more likely to die from a stroke.


Risk factors such as age, sex, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, and diabetes are usually associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the findings of the new study suggest marital status should also be added to the list.


Senior author, Mamas Mamas, Professor of Cardiology at Keele University, in England, said:  “Our work suggests that marital status should be considered in patients with or at risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and should be used alongside more traditional cardiac risk factors to identify those patients that may be at higher risk for future cardiovascular events”.


The researchers say the reason marriage could have a protective effect on cardiovascular disease is because of the additional emotional and social support that’s afforded by having a spouse.


People with long-term partners are more likely to have symptoms spotted earlier and encouraged to seek medical advice as a result.

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