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2-3 cups of coffee a day may reduce kidney injury risk by almost a quarter


Coffee consumption is linked to numerous health benefits, including a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, as well as liver, heart, and neurological diseases. Now, new research suggests we can also add kidney protection to that list. According to the study, the results of which are published in Kidney International Reports, people who regularly drink coffee have a reduced risk acute kidney injury. However, the benefits are most apparent in those who drink 2-3 cups of coffee each day. For the study, the team of researchers used data from 14,207 adults ages 45-64 from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. The researchers asked the participants to disclose information relating to how much coffee they drank. The results were:  27% never drank coffee 14% drank less than a cup of coffee per day 19% drank 1 cup per day 23% drank 2-3 cups per day 17% drank more than 3 cups per day After adjusting for demographic factors, the researchers found that participants who consumed any amount of coffee had an 11% lower risk of developing acute kidney injury than those who did not drink coffee. The researchers further noted a that those consuming 2-3 cups of coffee per day experienced the most substantial risk reduction (23%) *Image by Craig Melville from Pixabay

Drinking coffee (even with sugar) linked to longer life


Drinking coffee – even with sugar in it – is linked to a longer lifespan, new research has revealed. According to the study by researchers at the Southern Medical University in Guangzhou, China, people who drink coffee moderately are more likely to live longer than those who drink less or more. For the study, the researchers analyzed data from the UK Biobank, a database of around half a million people who have consented to having their medical and genetic information made available to researchers. The study team found that people who drank between 1.5 and 3.5 cups of coffee per day were less likely to die (due to any cause) during a 7-year follow up period. Perhaps more surprising is the finding that people who drink sweetened coffee appear to benefit the most. Indeed, these individuals were as much as 31% less likely to die than those who drink less than 1.5 cups and more than 3.5 cups per day. However, lead researcher Dr. Dan Liu said: “The results for those who used artificial sweeteners were less clear.” “Based on the findings, we can tell people that there is no need for most coffee drinkers to eliminate the beverage from their diet, but to be cautious about higher-calorie specialty coffees,” Liu concluded. In other words, be conscious of how much added sugar sometimes goes into popular coffee shop chain beverages. *Image courtesy of Soner Köse from Pixabay

A cup of cranberries a day could keep cognitive decline away


A new study has shed more light on the potential health benefits of cranberries, specifically how they might help fight cognitive decline because of a particular group of plant compounds they contain known as flavanoids. In previous studies, flavanoids, which are found in vegetables, fruit, red wine, tea, and coffee, have been associated with slower rates of cognitive decline and lower dementia risk. Cranberries are actually rich in two types of flavonoids: anthocyanin and proanthocyanidins. Dr. David Vauzour, senior research fellow in molecular nutrition at the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom, wanted to investigate how cranberries impact the brain. To address the knowledge gap, Dr. Vauzour led a new study, the results of which are published in Frontiers in Nutrition. Interestingly, the stufy revealed a link between consuming the equivalent of a cup of cranberries a day and improved memory function. For the study, 60 pre-screened participants were separated into two groups and asked to undergo pre-intervention baseline tests to assess their cognitive levels. Participants were then asked to either take a sachet of freeze-dried cranberry powder or a placebo for a period of 12 weeks. Follow-up testing revealed that the group taking the cranberry powder not only demonstrated significant improvements in visual episodic memory performance, but also had increased flow in three areas of their brains. Dr. Vauzour says he would now like to see this study replicated with a larger sample size. *Image by Kristine Lejniece from Pixabay

Drinking more coffee could lower risk of dementia, study finds


A new long-term study has found that people who drink higher amounts of coffee may be less likely to develop Alzheimer's disease. As part of the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of ageing, the study investigated whether coffee intake affected the rate of cognitive decline of more than 200 Australians over a decade. According to the research led by Edith Cowan University scientists, coffee intake may not only be a protective factor against Alzheimer's disease, but increased consumption of coffee could potentially reduce cognitive decline. Lead investigator Dr Samantha Gardener said the results showed an association between coffee and several important Alzheimer's disease-related markers. "We found participants with no memory impairments and with higher coffee consumption at the start of the study had lower risk of transitioning to mild cognitive impairment -- which often precedes Alzheimer's disease -- or developing Alzheimer's disease over the course of the study," she said. Higher coffee intake gave positive results in relation to certain domains of cognitive function, specifically executive function which includes planning, self-control and attention. Drinking more coffee also seemed to be linked to slowing the accumulation of the amyloid protein in the brain, a key factor in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Importantly, the researchers were not able to differentiate between caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption, nor determine differences based on coffee preparation method or additions such as milk or sugar. Image by Elias Shariff Falla Mardini from Pixabay

France’s COVID health passes to be made available to foreign tourists


Since Monday, anyone wanting to visit a restaurant, bar or other attraction/venue in France has to use a QR code-based digital health pass. The passes are designed to prove a person has either been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, or tested negative for the coronavirus in the previous 72 hours. Now, vaccinated travelers to France from outside the European Union have a way to obtain the digital health passes and visit popular tourist sites, including iconic sites like the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre, travel across the country by train, or enjoy a coffee and croissant at a Paris cafe. US travelers already in France or planning to arrive by Sunday can apply for a French health pass by submitting a copy of their CDC vaccine card, valid passport, and airline tickets to French officials via email. Visitors from the US, Canada and the rest of the world have bespoke email addresses. Visitors to France will need to have been fully vaccinated with either Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, or AstraZeneca vaccines. The French government is currently accepting applications from travelers who are 18 and older, and are already in Europe or plan to arrive by August 15. Right now, it is unclear how the process may change for visitors planning trips further ahead. *Image by Phil Riley from Pixabay

Hate the taste of certain vegetables? It could be in your genes…


New research suggests that some people have an inherent dislike of certain vegetables. According to the study by Dr Jennifer Smith and colleagues from the University of Kentucky School of Medicine, inheriting two copies of the unpleasant taste gene provides a "ruin-your-day level of bitterness" to foods such as broccoli and sprouts. The research could explain why some people find it really difficult to include certain vegetables in their diets. The team’s findings could also provide some explanation as to why beer, coffee and dark chocolate taste unpleasant to some people. Everyone inherits two copies of a taste gene called TAS2R38, which basically allows us to taste bitterness. However, people can inherit different variants. People who inherit a variant called AVI aren't sensitive at all to bitter tastes. Those who inherit one copy of AVI and another called PAV do experience bitter tastes, but not to extremes. That super-sensitivity for bitter foods is found in people who inherit two copies of the PAV variant - often called "super-tasters". Of the 175 people studied, those with two copies of the bitter taste PAV gene variant ate only small amounts of leafy green vegetables. Speaking to medics at a meeting of the American Heart Association, Dr Smith said: “You have to consider how things taste if you really want your patient to follow nutrition guidelines”.

Stair-climbing ‘exercise snacks’ can boost cardiorespiratory health


Most people understand the important role exercise plays in maintaining and boosting your health. But expensive gym memberships coupled with the busy lives many people lead mean that getting enough exercise is often a non-starter due to the associated expenses and/or a lack of time. The good news though is that new research shows stair climbing, at short intervals that last just a few minutes throughout the day, can improve cardiorespiratory health. For the study, researchers from McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, led by Martin Gibala, Ph.D., observed two groups of sedentary youngsters. One group climbed three flights of stairs three times a day and had recovery sessions of between one and four hours in between, while the other group did not exercise. At the end of the study period, the cardiorespiratory health of both groups was assessed. The group that performed the stair climbing each day had higher cardiorespiratory fitness than the group that did no exercise. Moreover, the stair climbers were also found to be stronger at the end of the intervention. Jonathan Little, Ph.D., an assistant professor of kinesiology at the University of British Columbia in Okanagan, Canada, and study co-author, said: “We know that sprint interval training works, but we were a bit surprised to see that the stair snacking approach was also effective. “Vigorously climbing a few flights of stairs on your coffee or bathroom break during the day seems to be enough to boost fitness in people who are otherwise sedentary.” So there you have it. You can boost your cardiorespiratory health by simply adding ‘exercise snacks’ into your daily routine.

New Study Finds Coffee Reduces the Risk of Liver Cancer


Millions of people around the world enjoy a cup of coffee as part of their morning routine. But now, thanks to a new study, coffee drinkers can add “reduces your risk of liver cancer” to their list of health benefits associated with their favourite morning tipple. During the study, scientists from the World Cancer Research Fund International's Continuous Update Project (CUP) worked in partnership with the American Institute for Cancer Research. They analysed 24,500 cases of liver cancer – a disease that is on the rise in America – and found that coffee drinkers were 29% less likely to contract liver cancer. It’s still not known exactly why coffee helps, but liver cancer now joins Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease on the list of afflictions whose risk is reduced through java consumption. In addition to the coffee findings, the study revealed that drinking alcohol and being obese increase the risk of liver cancer. It was also specifically noted that people who consume more than three alcoholic drinks per day had a dramatically higher chance of contracting liver cancer. Stephen Hursting, a researcher at the University of North Carolina, said: “This is the first time there's been such a clear signal from a rigorous, systematic review on the links between obesity increasing risk of liver cancer and coffee decreasing risk.” According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the U.S., 69% of Americans are currently overweight or obese. France Surgery can help facilitate a range of bariatric procedures, which are not only performed in world-class medical facilities, but also highly affordable.

Four Cups of Coffee a Day Could Reduce Risk of MS


Over 2.3 million people across the world are living with multiple sclerosis (MS); a disease that is chronic and affects the central nervous system – the brain, optic nerves and spinal cord. But now, a new study that is due to be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 67th Annual Meeting in Washington, DC, will suggest that consuming coffee could reduce the risk of developing MS. There have been past studies that have suggested coffee consumption helps with other neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. But the findings of this latest study – conducted by researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, MD – now also suggest the beverage can help prevent MS. Thousands of individuals with MS and thousands of healthy controls in Sweden and the U.S. were studied and their coffee consumption recorded. Both groups showed that coffee consumption had a direct link to the development of MS and associated symptoms. It is thought that the caffeine in the drink “has neuroprotective properties and seems to suppress the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which may be mechanisms that explain the observed association,” said study author Dr. Ellen Mowry.

Tips to Manage SUI – Stress Urinary Incontinence


Stress Urinary Incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine and is so common that it is a fact of life for many people. Whether it has occurred due to general aging or trauma such as pregnancy and natural birth it can be an embarrassing problem that affects day-to-day life. There are however a few tips that can help you manage the condition and get on with your life more freely. 1. Stick to scheduled times to urinate If you go to the bathroom frequently and regularly, even if you do not feel like to go, then your bladder will always be empty and empty bladders cannot leak. 2. Pelvic floor muscles exercise Clenching and unclenching your pelvic floor muscles will increase their strength and their ability to stop leaks from happening. 3. Cut down on your caffeine Drinks that contain caffeine are diuretics and will increase your chances of leaking urine. Cutting down or eliminating coffee, tea and carbonated drinks will help cut down your need to wee. 4. Don’t be in a hurry When you go to the toilet do not be in a rush. Make sure you leave enough time to completely empty your bladder by urinating, resting and relaxing and the urinating again. Photo Credit: © kokototo -

Recover from Surgery in Ile de France


The Ile de France’s situation (Isle of France in English) is perhaps more easily understood by its alternate name Région Parisienne (Paris Region). It was created as the “District of the Paris Region” in 1961 and is the wealthiest, most populated of the twenty-seven administrative regions of France. Of course the centre-piece, most would argue, is the beautiful city of Paris – the city of love, lights, fashion, art, cuisine and much more. And with some of the most incredible architecture in Europe – the Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, Château de Versailles, Musée du Louvre – it’s not surprising it’s one of the most visited cities in the world. If you choose to recover from surgery in this elegant city you won’t be short of things to do. No matter what your taste is, what you enjoy doing (or not doing!) or what your budget is, Paris will cater to you. There are two main parts to the city – the Left Bank and Right Bank. The left bank is often referred to as the heart of Paris, by Parisians’ and has a slightly quirky bohemian edge to it. Here you can aimlessly wander the streets, amble through hidden bookstores, or find a little a French bistro for a cup of delicious coffee and a pastry. Then simply sit back to admire the Tour Eiffel. The Right Bank is chic, elegant and sophisticated. Stroll the side streets and boutiques for hours. Admire the stunning architecture, including the famous Arc de Triomphe which Napoleon built in 1799 to immortalise his many military victories. And finally who could forget the world-renowned Champs-Elysees? The heart of fashion in the fashion capital of the world. This boulevard caters to the world’s elite. No trip to Paris would be complete without the possibility of brushing shoulders with top models, designers and film stars! Paris really does offer something for everyone. So what better place is there to recover from your recent surgery? Photo credits: Flickr

Haemorrhoids do not always lead to surgery


Haemorrhoids, sometimes referred to as ‘piles’ are a very common condition, with one in every two adults having the condition at some point during their lifetime and experiencing at least one of the following symptoms: itching bleeding pain or discomfort anal ball How to treat haemorrhoids without surgery Surgery is only required to cure haemorrhoids in the most severe of cases. It is fairly normal for haemorrhoids to settle down after a few days even without treatment. However, there are numerous non-surgical methods to ease the discomfort and encourage the haemorrhoids to heal. Making changes to your diet Haemorrhoids can be caused by constipation and so in order to avoid getting haemorrhoids or reduce the symptoms if you already have them, making changes to your diet can have a very positive impact. Some important changes to make are to ensure that you have a daily intake of fibre and drink plenty of water whilst reducing the amount of caffeine you drink from tea, coffee and coca cola.  Creams and suppositories There are numerous creams, ointments and suppositories that can be purchased over the counter and will help to relieve the symptoms of the haemorrhoids by reducing any swelling or inflammation. These medications can be very effective, however they will not cure the haemorrhoids, simply make them more easy to cope with. These mediations should only be used for approximately 5 days and so if your symptoms last longer than this then you should ensure that your see your GP. Changing habits Medical professionals have suggested that the following will help to reduce the chance of getting haemorrhoids and make the impact of them more bearable: avoid straining when you go to the toilet as this can cause or make haemorrhoids worse use moist toilet paper or baby wipes rather than dry toilet paper after going to the toilet pat the area around your bottom instead of rubbing